|1. Midland||2. RunningSnail||3. Midland|
In many areas of the USA, there are frequent thunderstorms, forest fires, tornados, and flash floods. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) often provides updates and alerts during emergencies, but you would need an emergency radio to connect to the frequencies of the NOAA channels and broadcast these alerts so that you and your family can make preparations for a disaster.
That being said, these gears can be a lifesaver for you, but do you know how to find the best emergency radio that can keep you prepared for such situations?
Since there are so many options available as far as emergency radios are concerned, you should do some market research before choosing any particular device. To help you out in this endeavor, we have compiled a list of top 20 emergency radio devices available today, along with their pros and cons.
We will also inform you about a few factors that you must consider while purchasing such a device, and a few FAQs answered by experts.
Top 20 Best Emergency Radio 2020
1. Midland WR120B/WR120EZ Alert Radio
This product from Midland is a device that you and your loved ones can use to get the latest information regarding floods, tornadoes, severe storms, etc. The device runs on the S.A.M.E. technology and keeps you updated 24*7 about the weather conditions via its 7 NOAA channels that are pre-programmed into the device. You can also receive notifications regarding other hazards.
The LCD screen of this device is always on, thanks to the continuous backlighting feature. Hence, you can easily find this device even in the dark and read the message displayed. In case of impending danger, this device issues and alerts in the form of an alert tone, a voice, or a display, depending upon the setting you choose. The alert indicators are color-coded, so you can easily review and understand them.
Apart from serving as a lifesaver during emergencies, this device also does the job of an alarm clock. It has a long battery backup time, so you can receive updates even if there is a power cut. Many individuals consider this to be the best emergency radio in terms of versatility.
- 7 NOAA channels
- 25 country memory system
- Small size, easy to carry
- Lot of jacks and ports included
- Automatic switching of alert override
- Too basic, no extra features
- White color may get dirty very quickly
2. RunningSnail MD-088
This durable and versatile radio is easy to operate and has an extremely bright LED flashlight integrated in it. You can recharge this unit using a USB charger, solar power, or through a simple hand crank. It can also act as a charger for your cellphone, so you can always reach out to a loved one in case of an emergency.
The 3 AAA batteries provide long hours of power backup in the event of a natural disaster where there might be a power outage. You can access 7 NOAA channels using this device, so you remain always up to date regarding natural disasters and other emergencies in your area.
The channels are accessible along with both the FM and AM bands, so you have all the information you need to arrive at a decision.
The compact build of this radio allows you to carry it around easily, and store it anywhere you want. It also has a sturdy belt with which you can hang the radio on a hook, nail or even in your hand.
This is certainly one of the must-go-for emergency radios under $30 available in the market currently. By spending such a small amount of money, you can get an emergency radio that will last you for years to come.
In a crisis situation, this device can save your life by providing you with important weather alerts. You can also take this with you while you’re out camping or hiking at a place where there is no mobile reception.
- 12 months warranty
- Bright LED flashlight
- Emergency flasher
- Attractive red color that is easy to locate
- 3 ways to charge the device
- Works as a power bank also
- Clock not present
- Analog display can be improved
3. Midland WR400 Alert Radio
This emergency radio features an 85-decibel siren which is hard to miss during an emergency situation. The National Weather Service offers weather updates for each county, and this radio is automatically connected to the warning to provide you timely updates.
The device comes with a USB charger that you can use to power the device as well as charge your mobile device using it. This way, you will always be able to reach out to people in the event of a tornado, flood, or earthquake.
This device can provide you updates about emergencies in 25 counties across the USA using S.A.M.E. technology. Furthermore, the 80 distinct alerts make sure you always stay updated about crisis events. This is the best radio device in terms of power backup, with its four powerful AA batteries providing reliable power backup during a power cut.
You can connect to AM/FM channels using this radio, and listen to the local stations for any emergency updates they might give. It also comes with an alarm buzzer that adds to its versatility. The alerts are color-coded are easily distinguishable.
- Powerful battery
- Loud siren
- Voice alert
- Sends alerts about 80 types of emergencies
- Alert level indicators coded with colors
- Continuous backlight keeps the LCD on
- One year warranty
- Little expensive than others
- Cannot be mounted on a wall
4. FosPower Portable Radio
This emergency radio from FosPower includes a 2000MAH power bank that can keep your devices running and provide reliable power backup to your phones and tablets. In the event of a power outage, you can still recharge this radio using the hand crank lever or the solar panel. This makes sure you always receive critical updates in case of an emergency.
The SOS alarm is loud enough to alert you and your family when there is a crisis announcement for your county. This device also features a strong LED light which can be used as a reading light, and 1W flashlight that gives you enough light output in an emergency situation. You can receive real-time weather updates and emergency announcements that are accurate to the second.
You will often hear emergency announcements being made on AM/FM stations and NOAA channels, and this radio receives all those alerts. It can be a lifesaver for you and your family in a crisis situation. Furthermore, it comes with a lifetime warranty that covers all manufacturing defects.
- Comes with a power bank
- LED light source
- 3 different power sources
- Lifetime limited warranty
- Serves as a power bank too
- 4 hours of cranking needed to fully charge the device
5. Esky ES-CR02 Emergency Radio
This compact and lightweight emergency radio allow you to deal with crisis situations and natural disasters while maintaining its flair. For those who prefer simplicity, this device is the best radio device that features an efficient hand crank mechanism. By cranking the radio for one minute, you can get 20 minutes of power backup.
The powerful LED flashlight comes in handy during a power outage, and you can also recharge your mobile phone using this radio. You will never again miss an emergency announcement with this radio since it is synced with both the NOAA and AM/FM channels. In the event of an emergency, you and your family can receive timely updates through this radio.
It has long hours of battery backup, so you don’t need to worry about the device shutting down after not being recharged for some time. This is a handy device that you can take with you while out camping or hiking because the powerful LED light makes it easy for you to find your way through the darkness.
If you are lost while traveling, you can always use this device to charge your mobile phone and then use the GPS system to find your way.
- Fast hand cranking
- Durable and waterproof
- Better signal reception through a telescoping antenna
- Bright yellow color to locate easily
- 3 ways to charge
- Lanyard integrated for easy carriage
- USB charging cable included in the package
- Affordable price
- The display is a bit small
6. La Crosse Sport Radio
With its sporty design, this emergency radio from La Crosse is a device your children would love to play with, and it has several practical utilities as well. It has a rugged but compact frame, which means you can carry it along with you anywhere without fear of it getting damaged. It provides you with instant alerts from NOAA weather channels.
The alert system is a 2-way system featuring the LED backlight that flashes during an emergency, and the red light indicator at the top. The IC chip of this device is made in the USA itself, so you can be assured of its quality and performance. The 3 powerful AA batteries assure long power backup, so you don’t face any problems during a power outage, which is common during natural disasters.
Moreover, it comes with an earphone jack, where you can plug in 3.5 mm earphones to receive updates from AM/FM stations and NOAA channels. It is easy to store this device using the hanging clip which allows you to mount it on a wall for easy retrieval.
The handle is made of rubber and designed not to slip in wet conditions, so you can use it outdoors if you are caught in a storm. You can always receive signals no matter the situation, owing to the telescopic antenna.
- Battery indicator
- Durable and lightweight
- High-quality IC chip
- White LED flashlight integrated
- Great sound and good reception
- Light weight and easy to carry
- Only one way of giving power to the device, that is through 3 AA batteries
- Does not support S.A.M.E. technology
- Does not send alerts when switched off
7. Eton Emergency Radio
This emergency radio from Eton is an essential part of every emergency kit, owing to its reliable performance and lightweight design. You can charge this device using the solar panel or the hand crank, which means you don’t have to worry about the batteries running out in the event of a power outage.
For this reason, it is ideal for outdoor use as well, and the fact that it is highly portable is an added plus.
This device is able to catch any emergency alerts for your region in the NOAA and AM/FM channels and broadcast it immediately. It has a large display where you can check the frequency and the time. The radio can also function as an alarm clock, helping you maintain tight schedules in a crisis situation.
- Unique look and design
- Backup battery packs provided with the radio
- Bright LED flashlight
- 3-way power source
- Ergonomic design
- It’s not so easy to crank the device
- No A/C adapter
8. Sangean MMR-88 Radio
The Sangean MMR-88 emergency radio has a digital tuner with which you can access 19 different AM/FM stations, along with 7 NOAA weather stations. Thus, you can always stay updated regarding any natural disasters or emergencies in your area. Charging this device is not an issue, even when there is no electricity. If there is a power cut, or if you are using the device outdoors, as you can simply use the hand crank to charge it.
The device is eco-friendly as well due to the solar panel provided, which lets you charge it during the day using solar energy. You can also charge it using a USB cable, which allows the device to work as a power bank as well. This compact device is even more portable due to the hand strap that does not slip during wet conditions.
Other features of this device include LED indicators or charging and weather alert, LED flashlight, and illumination lamp. There is also an emergency buzzer that beeps during an alert. For some devices, the alarm sound may be too loud or annoying, but this one has a mellow sound. The device automatically shuts down when fully charged, thus making your batteries last longer.
- SOS flashlight
- Built-in speaker
- High-quality solar panel
- Light weight and small size
- Not water proof
9. Midland ER310 Radio
This emergency radio is surely the best one for outdoor use, owing to its compact size that allows easy carriage and transport. You can use this product to receive information and updates in case of an emergency, and also use it with other devices for convenience. The LCD panel has a backlight, which makes it easy to fine-tune the radio and check the status of the battery.
The buttons on this device are labeled and can be easily read by anyone. One of the most notable features of this device is the flashlight beacon which is able to generate MORSE code to send out a message to a distant place. This is extremely useful if you are stuck somewhere and need help.
There are two settings for the flashlight, high and low. The low setting helps you save battery life and use the device for a longer period of time. With up to 32 hours of battery backup, you don’t have to worry about the device getting discharged during critical situations.
In the event that there is no charger or electricity, you can use the hand crank lever to charge this device. The signal reception on this device is excellent, and you can tune in to any NOAA channel for updates.
- Ultrasonic dog whistle to locate people
- Bright flashlight
- Long battery life
- Sturdy handle to carry the radio
- Solar charging is a bit weak
10. Eton Bluetooth Radio
This emergency radio from Eton is truly a device built for survival, as it keeps running even in the absence of power. A USB cable is provided with this device, using which you can charge the batteries and also use the device as a power bank for charging your mobile phone. Moreover, the solar panels let you charge the radio just by leaving it in the sun.
It is easy to charge this device in the absence of electricity using the hand crank as well. By cranking the device for 3-4 minutes, you can get 15 minutes of power backup. The radio is able to receive 7 different NOAA channels, where you can get alerts regarding thunderstorms, tornados, floods, and more. It is a programmable radio with which you can get alerts specifically for your area of residence.
If you have an elderly relative living somewhere, and you want to make sure they are doing ok, you can program the radio to a certain location. You can then receive emergency updates for that area. The device supports a total of 25 locations, so it can monitor the weather conditions over a wider area, and in remote localities.
- Powerful LED flashlight
- Color-coded alerts
- Bluetooth connection available
- Batteries cannot be replaced
- The antenna is a bit fragile
11. C. Crane Pocket Radio
According to online reviews by multiple users, this is the best device in terms of ease of usage. The audio coming out of this device is sharp and crisp, and you can get good reception with it too. Hence, you can always stay updated about disaster situations in your locale, or anywhere for that matter.
This device has memory buttons at the sides for different bands of frequencies like AM and FM. Moreover, it is easy to use this radio in wet conditions as well due to the rubber-coated sides. There is a lock switch using which you can prevent the device from turning on or off accidentally or from the station getting changed.
The LCD screen clearly shows the battery level and signal strength. Although the device comes with rechargeable batteries, you can also use 2 disposable AA batteries to give it power. The long power backup allows you to play the radio for 100 hours if you’re using earphones, and for 80 hours, if you’re using the speakers.
The device uses the headphone wire as an antenna for catching NOAA weather channels as well as AM/FM stations. You can get maximum sensitivity with this device and catch the exact frequency you wish to listen to.
- LCD auto-shutoff to reduce noise
- Factory reset option
- Lightweight and portable
- Flashlight integrated
- Works as a power bank too
- 3 ways to power the radio
- Battery compartment is not sealed
12. Kaito KA700 Emergency Radio
In terms of versatility, the Kaito KA700 is the best emergency radio available in the market. You will be pleasantly surprised when you see how many features this compact device has. It can ideally be used as a survival or camping radio because of its easy portability.
This radio can be used as an MP3 player, with an SD card in which you can store your favorite music. You can also change the equalizer settings to get the sound you desire.
What’s more, this device acts as an e-reader as well, so if you have e-books on survival, you can upload them to the memory card and read them using this device. It accurately detects NOAA and AM/FM channels, providing you with timely updates regarding emergency situations in your locale. This device also allows you to record your favorite radio shows, so you can listen to them later at your convenience.
The speaker produces crisp and clear audio, which is important for an emergency radio. You can use this device as an alarm clock as well, and wake up to the sound of the radio or an alarm beep. The large screen is easily visible with adjustable contrast. Furthermore, this device also has an emergency light and a flashlight for distress signaling.
- Attractive features at an affordable price
- Audio streaming via Bluetooth
- National Weather Service certified
- Available in multiple colors
- SD card slot has no cover
- Reception on AM frequencies is not so good
- Charging with solar panel is very slow
13. RunningSnail MD-097
If you are looking for an emergency radio with sufficient battery backup, then the MD-097 model from RunningSnail is the one you should go for. This is the best radio device in terms of battery backup, and with this device, you don’t have to worry about losing power again. The 4000mAh battery runs for long hours, and even when it runs out, you can recharge it using a hand crank, solar power, or a USB cable.
On a full charge, this device can run for 10 long hours, providing you updates from NOAA and AM/FM channels. It will provide you with updates regarding storms, tornadoes, hurricanes, and other disasters. This device can be a lifesaver during severe weather conditions and power outages. It gives out a bright light, which is ideal for outdoor situations as well.
Imagine you are trapped somewhere due to bad weather. In that case, you can use the SOS alarm to attract people’s attention. The large LCD screen displays the radio frequency and the battery status clearly.
Furthermore, it can be used as a music player, since it comes with an AUX cable. Hence, you can use this device during activities such as kayaking or camping.
- Multiple charging options
- Long battery life
- Can provide light for 30 minutes
- No cover for charging socket
14. Kaito Voyager Pro KA600
The Kaito Voyager Pro KA600 is a device that is considered by many users as the best emergency radio due to its high-end features. It has a brushless generator that provides reliable power output.
The device can be charged through solar power as well, and the tilted solar panels can absorb the maximum amount of sunlight to charge the device quickly and efficiently.
There are LED reading lamps provided with this device that you can use in low light as well. The LED flashlight is a handy feature in case you’ve gone out camping at a place where there is no lighting. The device is able to capture AM frequencies between 520 and 1710 kHz, shortwave frequencies between 2.3-23 MHz, and FM frequencies between 87 and 108 MHz.
With 255 programmable memories, you can set different channels at different locations and always stay updated about emergencies and disasters. If you are not able to see any frequencies, you can use the scan option, and the radio will display the available frequencies for you.
Lastly, the instruction manual provided contains simple instructions that can be understood by anyone.
- Multiple charging options
- Long battery life
- Can provide light for 30 minutes
- No cover for charging socket
15. EZBNB Emergency Radio
This advanced model from ezbnb is a great emergency radio suitable for outdoor activities. This product is created by engineers and has received great feedback from the customers.
This versatile product will broadcast all the latest hazards and weather information for your locality in real-time, so that you are always aware of what is coming and make preparations accordingly. At the time of emergency, timely preparation can save your life, and that can be made possible by this device.
This device lets you maintain power anywhere anytime, since there are 4 different ways you can charge it. By using the hand crank for 1 minute, you can do 5 minutes of phone calls by charging your mobile phone with the USB cable. Furthermore, you can get 15-20 minutes of radio and flashlight. So, in the event of a power outage, this radio will serve you well.
The flashlight of this radio has 5 modes for different situations. Apart from varying light intensities, it also has an SOS mode, using which you can send distress signals if you are stuck somewhere due to bad weather. The speaker will ring an alarm in the SOS mode.
- 12-month warranty
- Versatile flashlight
- Reliable hand cranking mechanism
- Has a compass included in the device
- AA batteries are not provided with this device
16. Hoshine Emergency Radio
When it comes to practicality, very few products in the market can match this device from Hoshine. It can be used in the house or inside the car, and is also ideal for outdoor activities like hiking, kayaking, and camping. This radio has excellent reception with clear and crisp audio that gives you all the latest updates regarding emergencies and hazards in your area.
Weighing just about 0.5 lbs, this is a lightweight and compact device that you can easily fit inside your pocket. It is able to catch FM frequencies between 88 and 108 MHz and AM frequencies between 520 and 1710 kHz. You can charge this device in multiple ways, ensuring you’re never out of power.
The 500mAh rechargeable battery provides reliable power backup, and you can also use AAA batteries with this device. With its smartphone charging capabilities and powerful flashlight, this product is a favorite of many customers who favor it due to its ease of usage.
The emergency siren proves to be a useful feature in case of an emergency, or in case you want to attract attention to yourself for rescue. Lastly, it provides 5.5V of solar power, so you can use it in the absence of electricity as well.
- Highly portable
- Multiple charging options
- Long battery backup
- White color gets dirty very quickly, especially when it is meant to be used outdoors
17. Sharper Image Crank Radio
If you take part in frequent outdoor activities like boating or camping, you might face sudden weather changes and get stranded somewhere. In such a scenario, an emergency radio comes in handy.
Using the radio, you can get weather updates for your area, and know beforehand if a tornado or a storm is coming. This helps you to plan accordingly and keep yourself and your family safe.
This digital radio can detect NOAA weather stations as well as AM/FM frequencies. You can switch on the weather alert mode so that the device will alert you in case there is a local alert for severe weather conditions. Moreover, the LED flashlight lets you find your way in the dark, and the backlit LCD screen lets you check the battery status and radiofrequency.
This radio gives you 24-hour weather updates by connecting to the NOAA weather stations. With this device, you will never be caught off guard again, while on a hiking or camping trip. It has multiple power options, and apart from standard AAA batteries, you can charge the rechargeable batteries using the hand crank, solar power, or the USB cable also.
- Telescopic antenna
- Digital clock for checking the time
- Solar panel provided
- Battery life could be better
18. Ledianer Emergency Radio
This model from LEDIANER is lightweight and portable, which makes it ideal for outdoor purposes. Every survival kit must include this device since it has a reliable power backup and provides constant updates and alerts regarding weather emergencies and other disasters.
The device can run on 3 AAA batteries, and it also has a rechargeable battery that you can charge using solar power or by using the hand crank.
It can connect with multiple NOAA channels and AM/FM channels so that you get alerts about a variety of weather disasters. If you are stuck in a disaster situation, you can get news and updates using this device. Apart from a powerful flashlight, the radio also has a built-in SOS button that allows you to signal others for help during an emergency.
While on a trip, you can use this device like an MP3 player. The product is thoroughly tested for quality, and the company provides you with a 30-day refund policy also. In case of a manufacturing defect, your product will be replaced, as it also comes with 12 months guarantee. The 2200mAh power bank can charge mobile devices so that you don’t lose connectivity during a crisis.
- 5 lighting modes
- SOS alarm
- Micro card slot
- No memory card support
- The device is not waterproof
19. La Crosse Technology S833011
Many people have voted for this device as the best emergency radio for the simple fact that you can filter alerts on this device. Many devices would sound all the alerts, so you might wake up at night to a loud beep. There is a dedicated button for tornado alerts, and you can press that button to set the device to alert you only in the case of a tornado.
Alternatively, you can choose to receive all kinds of alerts with this device to fully prepare yourself for any kind of weather condition. In the event of an emergency alert, the volume of the device will automatically go up, and the backlight will flash red. The LED screen is large, so you easily read the scrolling alert that appears during emergency broadcasts as well as the low battery indicator.
The device has 3 different color codes depending on the severity of the alert. Hence, you get an idea about the situation from the color of the light alone. The blue LED blinks slowly when in standby mode and goes faster when there is an alert.
The telescopic antenna can easily catch the frequencies from anywhere, so you can receive news while you’re outside for hiking, camping, etc.
- Good reception
- Tornado only mode available
- Automatic activation
- External antenna plug not present
- A bit noisy
20. Molebit Emergency Radio
If you are looking for an affordable emergency radio that will give you good performance, then this product from MOLEBIT is ideal for you. This is the best emergency radio in its price range, and it is perfect for outdoor activities like hiking and camping trips. This radio is able to connect to AM/FM and NOAA channels, so that you always stay updated regarding important disaster announcements for your area.
Weighing only 0.57 lbs, this compact device is highly portable and comes with bright lighting that is extremely useful during a power outage. It can be charged through solar power, and also has a hand crank which can be used when no other power options are available. You can also run this device with 3 disposable AAA batteries.
The 1000mAh power bank provides reliable power backup during a crisis situation, so that you can make emergency calls using your mobile phone. The excellent reception of this device ensures that you always receive timely updates regarding natural disasters and are able to take precautions for the same.
- Superior reception
- Bright LED flashlight
- 5 ways to power
- A bit too loud
- Not waterproof
Factors To Look For When Buying The Best Emergency Radio
Choosing an emergency radio depends on what purpose you’re planning to use it for, your budget, and many other factors. If you are looking for a device that you can use outdoors, then a durable device with the sturdy build will be preferable. Additionally, you want the antenna to be of good quality, so that you can receive updates even in remote areas.
Here, we have listed some of the factors you should consider before buying an emergency radio:
1. Durability And Water Resistance
Emergency situations are unpredictable, and you might often find yourself caught in bad weather. For this reason, you should purchase a radio that is sturdy and resistant to water. If your radio breaks down after getting a little wet, or after being dropped on the ground, it won’t be of any use thereafter.
Most emergency radios are manufactured with durability and strength in mind. However, not all radios are water-resistant. So, you should check the device specifications to make sure your device is strong and water-resistant.
2. S.A.M.E. Technology
Almost all the high-end emergency radios use the Specific Area Message Encoding (S.A.M.E.) technology, with which the radio is able to broadcast alert messages even when the device is not powered on. It issues this alert via an LCD screen with a backlight changing color, or by flashing blue or red-colored light.
This technology also allows the device to overlook alerts that aren’t for your locality, so you’re not disturbed by unnecessary alerts.
3. Multiple Power Sources
During an emergency situation, the exact power source that your radio supports may not be available at your place. Most emergency radios come with rechargeable batteries and also support disposable batteries.
So, you can always carry extra batteries with you while on a camping or hunting trip. So, even if your radio batteries die down, you can replace them with new ones to stay informed.
For this reason, you should look for an emergency radio that supports multiple power sources. Usually, most radios can be charged using an AC adaptor. Advanced models have solar charging feature as well, along with a hand crank with which you can manually charge it in case no other options are available. You should buy a model that at least has a hand crank to keep you connected during emergency situations.
4. Public Alert/ NOAA NWR All Hazards Logo
These are two standards for emergency radios that tell you that these devices are approved by the National Weather Service and the NOAA. The Public Alert standard indicates that the radio has the technical capability to receive alerts at all times, specially area-specific alerts.
Devices following such standards also has alert tones, and the ability to pair with external devices. Examples include vibration devices for blind people and flashing lights for those who are deaf.
5. Optional Features
If value for money is what you’re looking for, then you should consider buying a device with a number of optional features. These features include power bank for charging your mobile devices, SD cards for storing music and e-books, e-reader, flashlights, SOS buttons, and solar panels. These features add to the value of the device which is worth investing in.
FAQs on Emergency Radios
1. What Kind Of Radio Is Used For An Emergency?
Weather alert radios are ideal for emergency situations because they connect to the NOAA and AM/FM frequencies to get you the latest information about disaster situations. Disaster management agencies recommend using battery-operated radios for an emergency.
2. How Long Does The Battery Of A Crank Radio Last?
Many radios come with hand cranks that can be used to manually charge the device in case the batteries have run out and there are no options for external power sources. Usually, cranking a radio for one or two minutes will generate enough power for it to run for approximately five minutes or so.
3. How Much Do NOAA Weather Radios Cost?
The price of NOAA weather radios vary according to the features that they offer. Devices with advanced features are costliest, and they generally have better reception and last longer. The price range for NOAA radios is between $25 and $100 approximately.
4. What Is The Difference Between A Weather Radio And A Regular Radio?
Weather alert radios respond automatically when there is an emergency alert from a weather station. But a regular radio device must be turned on and tuned to a weather station for it to display the alert. For this reason, weather alert radios are more useful in case of an emergency.
Always Stay Safe And Updated With Emergency Radios
After going through the above buying guide, you must have become aware of the things to look for while buying the best emergency radio. You must have got information about the different products available in the market, and for what purpose each device is best suited for. You need to use your best judgment to choose a device that would serve you well for years to come.